Pompom Goldfish (Care Guide)

colorful goldfish with pompom

The Pompom Goldfish is a unique type of goldfish known for its nasal growths. It is the result of careful selective breeding and showcases the possibilities within the genetic engineering of Carassius auratus.

When looking at the Pompom Goldfish, it is important to consider the specific care and environment it needs due to its distinctive features and bright colors. Although not commonly found in ornamental fish collections, its rarity adds interest among fish enthusiasts.

In creating the right environment and understanding its behavior, it’s necessary to think about whether the Pompom Goldfish can live with other fish and what its breeding means for the variety of ornamental fish.

General Characteristics

The Pompom goldfish is known for its nasal outgrowths which give it a unique look, attracting enthusiasts.

The lifespan and size of these fish depend on genetics and care quality.

Examining their appearance, lifespan, and growth reveals why the Pompom goldfish is popular in aquariums.


Pompom goldfish are known for their distinctive nasal outgrowths and varied colors, setting them apart from other goldfish types. These outgrowths come from selective breeding.

Unlike breeds with a large headgrowth, Pompom goldfish have fleshy extensions that can hang over their mouth. Their body shape is similar to lionhead or Oranda goldfish, and they may have a dorsal fin or not, depending on the breed.

Their attractive shape and colors make Pompom goldfish popular among aquarium enthusiasts.


Pompom Goldfish can live for 10 to 15 years and up to 20 years with proper care.

They need a safe tank to protect their delicate nasal growths from injury.

These fish grow quickly in the first three years, reaching 4-6 inches.

Their growth and lifespan are influenced by diet, tank size, and water quality.

To extend their life, it is crucial to perform regular water changes, watch for diseases like fin rot, ich, and bacterial infections, and provide a balanced diet.


Pompom goldfish typically grow to 4-6 inches in length. They have unique nasal outgrowths that are similar to those of lionhead or Oranda goldfish. These outgrowths can be as large as their eyes and may vary in size, sometimes extending beyond the mouth. When fully grown, the outgrowths are notable, especially if they are well-formed and even.

Due to their moderate size and friendly nature, Pompom goldfish are favored by aquarists for large tanks with slow-moving fish.

Aquarium Setup Essentials

To properly house Pompom Goldfish, choose a tank of the right size to accommodate their swimming behavior.

It’s important to use rounded gravel and smooth decorations to create a safe habitat.

A strong filtration system is necessary to keep the water clean and maintain the fish’s health.

Tank Size

A minimum of a 20-gallon aquarium is required for pompom goldfish. This size accommodates their need for swimming and social interaction.

A large tank also allows for an effective filtration system, crucial for clean water due to the high waste output of these fish. Efficient filtration and regular water changes are necessary for a healthy tank environment.

Proper tank size and maintenance are important for the well-being of pompom goldfish.

Tank Equipment And Decorations

Tank Equipment and Decorations are crucial for the welfare of pompom goldfish. Essential items include:

  1. Filtration System: Essential for clean water and a balanced aquarium ecosystem.
  2. Smooth Decorations: Use only smooth gravel and stones to prevent injury to the fish.
  3. Appropriate Lighting: Ensure 12 hours of light daily for natural fish behavior without causing stress.

Regular checks and upkeep of these components are vital for a safe and healthy pompom goldfish environment.

Optimal Care Practices

For the health and long life of Pompom Goldfish, it is crucial to follow a detailed care routine.

This routine should include keeping water conditions within specific limits, performing regular tank cleaning, and providing a diet designed for their needs.

It is also important to understand common diseases affecting these fish and methods to prevent them.


A balanced diet is essential for Pompom Goldfish health. This diet should include goldfish-specific commercial food, leafy greens, krill, and brine shrimp. These foods provide necessary nutrients and support the health of their distinctive nasal outgrowths.

Consider the following dietary guidelines:

  1. Feed appropriate amounts to prevent health issues and maintain their color and health.
  2. Monitor and adjust water pH and temperature regularly for a suitable habitat.
  3. Use a safe substrate to prevent ingestion and protect their nasal pompoms.

Water Parameters

Water quality is essential for Pompom Goldfish health. Consistent water testing and adjustments are critical to sustain a supportive environment and minimize stress and disease. Proper tank conditions are key to their health.

ParameterOptimal RangeNotes
pH6.0 – 8.0Stability is crucial.
Temperature (°F)65 – 78Reflect natural habitat.
Lighting (hours)12+Avoid direct sun exposure.
Substrate3-inch roundedProtects against nasal damage.
FiltrationHigh efficiencyEssential for toxin management and water clarity.

Tank Maintenance

Tank maintenance is essential for Pompom Goldfish health. This includes regular water changes, substrate cleaning, and filter checks. Goldfish produce a lot of waste, so a consistent cleaning schedule is important.

Tank care also involves controlling daily light exposure to maintain the fish’s natural rhythms and health. Adequate filtration is necessary to manage the waste goldfish generate. Keep an eye on algae, water quality, and equipment function to keep the fish stress-free and healthy.

Proper maintenance ensures a suitable environment for Pompom Goldfish.

Common Diseases

Even with diligent tank maintenance, Pompom Goldfish are susceptible to several common diseases that require specific care practices to prevent and treat. The delicate nasal outgrowths unique to this breed can be particularly vulnerable. To ensure the health of these ornamental fish, whom enthusiasts have carefully bred, it’s vital to recognize and address these ailments promptly.

Here are three common diseases affecting Pompom Goldfish:

  1. Ichthyophthirius Multifiliis (Ich): Characterized by white tubercles that resemble grains of salt covering the fish’s body.
  2. Fin Rot: A bacterial infection that causes the fins to fray and deteriorate.
  3. Fungal Infections: Often manifest as cottony growths on the skin, fins, or the delicate nasal outgrowths of the Pompom Goldfish.

Social Traits

Pompom goldfish are social and do well with others. They like to be in groups and should be kept with more of their kind for their well-being and safety from predators. A large tank is important to prevent fighting over territory and keep a peaceful environment.

A bigger tank size is crucial for these fish to avoid conflicts and maintain peace. Pompom goldfish fit well in a mixed-species tank if the other fish are slow-moving to ensure fair competition for food and reduce stress. This promotes their natural behavior and indicates good health.

Observing the social behavior of pompom goldfish can show their health status. These fish are good for aquarium enthusiasts who want a lively, calm tank. Knowing and catering to their social needs helps maintain a healthy, interactive aquatic setting.

Compatible Aquarium Companions

Choosing suitable tank mates for Pompom goldfish is important because of their calm nature. These goldfish are recognized by the unique growths near their nostrils and do best with similar calm fish. It’s critical to select tank mates that match their calm behavior and physical capabilities.

To create a peaceful aquarium community, follow these guidelines:

Goldfish Varieties

Pompom Goldfish coexist well with other gentle goldfish types. Compatible varieties include:

  • Fantail Goldfish,
  • Ranchu Goldfish,
  • Black Moor Goldfish, and
  • Oranda Goldfish.

These types have similar needs for water conditions and diet.

Peaceful and Slow-Moving Species

Choose tank mates that are also peaceful and slow to ensure equal food access and reduce stress. Suitable species are:

  • Bristlenose Plecos,
  • Rosy Barbs, and
  • Weather Loaches.

These species compete less for food and are known for their calm nature.

Non-Aggressive Companions

Avoid aggressive or very active fish with Pompom Goldfish. Good options are:

  • Pearl Gouramis,
  • Kuhli Loaches, and
  • Cherry Shrimp.

These companions are not a threat and can live with Pompom Goldfish peacefully.

Reproduction Practices

Reproduction of Pompom Goldfish requires knowledge of their external fertilization during spawning. Pompom Goldfish have unique fleshy outgrowths near their noses, resembling pom-poms, which give them their name. Their breeding is similar to other goldfish but requires attention to detail.

Breeding occurs when water temperatures are between 68 and 74 degrees Fahrenheit. A breeding tank with a flat substrate and spawning mops should be set up to mimic their natural habitat for egg laying and fertilization. The lack of a dorsal fin in some Pompom Goldfish does not hinder their ability to breed.

Males show white spots on their heads and gills when ready to breed, while females appear rounder with eggs. After females lay eggs, males fertilize them externally.

After spawning, eggs need close observation and the water must be kept clean to avoid fungal infections. Feeding both genders a protein-rich diet before breeding is important.

Successful breeding ensures the survival and increase of Pompom Goldfish.

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